Internet Terminology

Internet: An interconnected system of millions of computers and computer networks which are linked by copper wires, fiber-optic cables and wireless connections throughout the world that interchange data using standardized Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP).

About Servers:

  • Server: Is computer or program that performs a specific role within the computer network (i.e. application server, communications server, database server, fax server, web server, etc).
  • Domain Name Server (DNS): Program or computer that applies name-service protocol and that link the domain name ( to Internet Protocol (IP) address (
  • Web Server: A computer that runs web server programs and stores the website pages. Web server program accepts HTTP requests from web browsers and providing the web pages and linked objects (images, etc.).

About Protocols:

  • Protocol: Convention or standard that controls the connection, communication, and data transfer between two computing endpoints.
  • Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP): A communications protocol used for retrieving inter-linked text documents (hypertext) on the Internet.
  • Internet Service Provider (ISP): A company that offers access to the Internet using data transmission technology (dial-up, DSL, cable modem or dedicated high-speed interconnects) for a monthly fee.
  • Domain Name Registrar: A company accredited (e.g. by Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)) to register Internet domain names. The Registrar can also provide related services such as hosting (be the Web Host).
  • Web Host: A company that provides web hosting services i.e. space on a web server and Internet connectivity (typically in a data center) charging hosting fees.
  • Website: Collection of Web pages, audio files, images, videos, etc. hosted on a web server that is accessible via the Internet.
  • Web Page: Electronic (digital) document on the World Wide Web created in HTML and is accessible with a browser. Every Web page is identified by a unique URL (Uniform Resource Locator).
  • HTML: Basic language that the World Wide Web is written in that creatively link text, pictures, music, programs, etc. and give instructions to the browser what to do with them (HT – Hypertext & ML - Mark-up Language).
  • Browser: A program that runs on your computer that reads and interprets the HTML of Web pages and enables the user to display and interact with text, images, videos, music, games, etc.

How the Internet works?

  • You type in the URL (webpage address).
  • Your ISP determines the IP address via the DNS Server for the specific URL.
  • Your ISP then routes your request to the web server with the specific IP address that stores the web pages.
  • The web server then sends HTML of the webpage to your computer that also has a unique IP address.
  • Your browser reads the HTML of the Web page and displays the page and requests the additional files, images, videos, etc. that is required to complete the web page. Each request is referred to as "hit". One page could result in many hits – depending on the complexity and graphics on the page.

So why choose anyone else? Contact CSL Solutions today for a no-obligation consultation to discuss how we can help you to be successful on the web. Fill in the contact us form (preferred) or send us an email to or call (910) 431-9870.